Isabella, daughter of King Philip IV of France, was
betrothed in 1303 at the age of seven to Edward, Prince of Wales, son of Edward
I. She had many associations with Berkhamsted.
The Palace of Langley was the favoured residence of King Edward II
whose favourite, Piers Gaveston, had been granted Berkhamsted Castle in 1309.
Piers’ marriage, arranged by Edward II, had taken place here in November 1307.
The marriage of Isabella and Edward took place in France in January
The dislike of many of the barons
of the favours given Gaveston led to constant unrest and on a personal basis
Isabella had to share the King’s favours. Isabella has been much maligned for
her adulterous affair with Roger, Lord Mortimer, and for deposing Edward II and
establishing the regency for her son, later Edward III.
When Edward III came of age in 1330, the regency
was overthrown and Mortimer executed. Edward sent his mother, Isabella, in a
very distressed state, to Berkhamsted Castle, to recuperate, and later to
Windsor where she remained for the rest of her life. Her grandson, the
entertained her at Berkhamsted Castle over Christmas 1354 and at times the